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Some useful information about the SWING Project.

Material related to SWING project produced and distributed in this web-site, bear the obligatory logos and statements as described in Annex V.

Extended project name
Short Wave critical Infrastructure Network based on new Generation of high survival radio communication system.
Short description
This project deals with the study and design of a system of HF radio connection among European Critical Infrastructure (ECIs) and/or Controlling Governmental Agencies (CGAs) that replace broad band transmission able to survive in any adverse conditions and terrorist attack.
Starting date
01-01-2012
Duration
24 Months
Methodology
Share the activities in four Working Groups (WG) where each WGs is involved in the activities of the project.
Partnership
INGV, CNIT, NOA, EO.
Target groups
Agencies and institution devoted tomanagement of Critical Infrastructures that are linked by internet network.
Expected results
The project is finalized to demonstrate the feasibility of a network high survival HF communication as buck-up and independent system to ensure minimum management and communication requirements, in the case of internet failure due to a terrorist attack.

List of project activities with organisations that will implement each activity, expected results outputs and deliverables and the time period.

 NameOrg.OutputPeriod
1 Interface with EU authorities and coordination. INGV Communications and Internal Report Jan 2012
Dec 2013
2 Technical analysis of the communication problems related to the identification and designation of CIs in the interested area. INGV
CNIT
Technical Report Jan 2012
Sep 2012
3 Determination of the topology of high survival radio communication network. INGV
CNIT
Technical Report Jan 2012
Sep 2012
4 Characterization of the minimal amount of information necessary for the survival of the CIs communication. INGV
CNIT
Technical Report Oct 2012
Jan 2013
5 Operative supervision of the network architecture. INGV
CNIT
Technical Report Jan 2013
Apr 2013
6 Analysis of the existing architecture of HF communication based on internet protocol access with reference to the above considered infrastructures. CNIT Technical Report Jan 2012
Jun 2012
7 Analysis of existing HF connection system in terms of software and hardware for internet connection. CNIT Technical Report Jan 2012
Jun 2012
8 Definition of the High survival HF radio network technical requirements. CNIT Technical Report Jan 2012
Jun 2012
9 Radio network system design. CNIT Technical Report Jan 2012
Dec 2012
10 Criteria of early warning alert and procedures to activate the back up network. CNIT Technical Report Jan 2012
Dec 2012
11 Monthly prediction of the hourly HF set of frequencies over the n radio links given by the network, based on the available ionospheric model and methods. INGV
EO
Technical Report Jan 2013
Apr 2013
12 Daily forecasting of the hourly HF set of frequencies based on the Mediterranean ionospheric measurements. INGV
EO
Technical Report Jan 2013
Apr 2013
13 Ground wave propagation analysis when required. INGV Technical Report Aug 2013
Dec 2013
14 Frequency management system for HF communication link optimization.  INGV
EO
Technical Report Aug 2013
Dec 2013
15 Identification of the professional profile able to maintain and operate network. INGV
CNIT
NOA
EO
Technical Report Oct 2013
Dec 2013
16 Dissemination of deliverables within communities informing about initiatives organised in the context of the project. INGV
CNIT
NOA
EO
Technical Report Oct 2013
Dec 2013
17 Professional training activities trough courses, workshops and conferences. INGV
CNIT
NOA
EO
Technical Report Oct 2013
Dec 2013
18 Assessment of the potential impact and feasibility of the project for ECIs and CGAs and final recommendations for the EC. INGV
CNIT
NOA
EO
Technical Report Oct 2013
Dec 2013
19 Realization of a demonstrator constituted by 4- terminals HF network. INGV
CNIT
Realization of the demonstrator Jan 2012
Dec 2013

The potential risk of wide scale terrorist attacks able to put out of order, for a long period, the internet connections capabilities exposes the some European Critical Infrastructures (ECIs), like electric power distribution and production infrastructure, CPAs, safety and defense organization, water distribution agency, airports, etc. in a stage of vulnerability because of some essential information are transferred by means of internet both for management and control.

This is particularly important in South Europe and the Mediterranean area.

Recently this region has become the critical southern border of the European Union close to Northern African, Balkan and Middle East countries more exposed to the cyber threat because the geographical disposition does not allow internet connectivity as efficient and reliable as other north European countries.

Then the present electronic dependence of ECIs, based on data/information exchange through internet, requires an alternative and independent high survival as back-up system of communication.

The aim of SWING is to study a high survival HF radio network data/voice) to real time support of ECIs communications, maintaining the minimum flux of essential information for the management and control in case of wide scale terrorist attacks able to render internet links useless over the Mediterranean region.

This will increase the awareness of ECIs operator in the extreme case of the complete broadband failure of the communication.

The 2-year project “Short Wave critical Infrastructure Network based on a new Generation high survival radio communication system”, named SWING, deals with the study and design of a system of HF radio connections to link European Critical Infrastructures (ECIs) among themselves and with their Controlling Governmental Agencies (CGAs).

This system will replace broad band internet transmission when the latter fails.

The HF network will withstand adverse conditions such as those encountered in case of a terrorist attack, guaranteeing the communication between ECIs and CGAs, and the transmission of necessary data for the survival and minimum operability of ECIs.

SWING will be designed to evaluate the threat and increase the security awareness, as well as the level of protection, of analogous and/or interdependent ECIs.

In order to meet these goals and therefore CIPS priorities, SWING will have to recognize how and when the internet communication fails, and develop the standard software and hardware tools necessary for implementing communication protocols suited for a reliable and interoperable Short Wave (High Frequency) radio network back up.

Therefore, SWING must also analyze the HF network requirements necessary for alerting and controlling ECIs from their CGAs in case of threat or attack, understand the particular characteristics of the ionospheric channel in order to establish a suitable control system for the frequencies to be employed, and design a radio-communication architecture for a HF radio network over Southern Europe.

To meet the above mentioned objectives the main activities will initially concern the designation of ECIs in the regions of interest and the analysis of potential communication problems among them and between ECIs and CGAs, followed by the identification of the most suitable topology for a high survival radio communication network.

Subsequently, SWING will determine the criteria for early warning alerts, the procedures to activate the back up network, as well as the minimal amount of information necessary to maintain control over ECIs keeping them linked even in critical conditions.

For what concerns the HF radio network, SWING will define and design the software and hardware necessary to a high survival HF radio network, keeping into account the existing HF network communication protocol and architecture.

Since the network can use both the ionospheric channel and, if required, the ground wave propagation, SWING will also study the ionospheric channel characteristics in order to manage the transmission frequencies of the HF network.

Dissemination of the project’s outputs will take place through intermediate deliverables such as technical reports and brochures directed to the ECIs and CGAs communities, as well as professional training activities through courses, workshops and conferences concerning the feasibility, the potential impact, and the main concepts of SWING.

The activities, organized in Working Packages (WPs), are distributed among four Co-Beneficiaries (INGV-Italy, CNIT-Italy, NOA-Greece, OE-Spain) that are coordinated by a Project Manager (PM).

The PM will be the sole point of contact for the European Commission and will be responsible for the regular technical progresses of the project.

SWING is a project able to ensure the transmission of the minimum information necessary for the survival of the ECIs and a sufficient standard of operability in case of a large scale terrorist attack in the wide band internet network. To achieve this goal an HF radio connection network is proposed.

The project will be divided in several phases: individuation of information crucial for the ECIs that are usually transferred in the internet network, selection of the information necessary for the alert, management and control, development of a suitable HF radio network that will be activated in case of extreme events.

This high survival HF radio network system will be characterized by elevated availability, reliability and robustness. To this end, the central alarm unit must be constantly connected to the ECIs by internet using a special information code that allows to establish if the operative flux of information is present and correct.

This system must be able:

  1. to evaluate which level of threat is present on the network to increase the securityawareness of ECIs operators
  2. to start a procedure able to activate the HF radio network in order to improve information management with regard to ECIs
  3. to establish the minimum flux of information to be transferred by means of HF network in order to increase ECIs protection exploiting both the most advanced techniques of ICT and HF network communication.

All these needs will be satisfied by using techniques to establish the level of hierarchy among ECIs as well as priority information access, determining the best compression and codification, choosing the best modulation scheme, frequency hopping and network topology to resist to electronic warfare and terrorist threats.
One of the strongest features of a HF radio network is its technical simplicity and the reliability of established hardware and software solutions.

The main objective of the SWING project is to provide a complete study of a HF radio connection among ECIs having capabilities to exchange minimum but essential information.

The SWING network will supply a backbone functionality only for most critical and relevant data. Since HF communications have very low bit rates, the interoperability is thought to be restrained to systems that require the exchange of small amount of data.

This project intends to:

  1. study internet communications criticality;
     
  2. analyze the requirements necessary to ECIs management and control;
     
  3. develop a communication protocols in order to define standard software and hardware tools supporting reliable and interoperable Short Wave radio communication techniques for ECIs protection;
     
  4. study the frequency management system taking into account the special characteristics of the ionospheric channel;
     
  5. design a radiocommunication architecture for a distributed short wave radio network.

Stimulate the use of SWING for some relevant ECIs (European Critical Infrastructures) and CGAs (Controlling Governmental Agencies).

To promote the development of procedure able to demonstrate that minimum data flux is essential for ECIs and CGAs, provides and spreads the best practices and behaviors in the communication aspects among ECIs and CGAs protection in case of terroristic attack on the wide band network.

Revised budget

(about 54% of the initial request)

 

Total amount of eligible costs
671.145,83 €
Grant approved from the CIPS Program
468.306,45 €
Grant approved / total eligible costs (max 70%)
69,78 %

 

Shared budget

 Financial contributionGrant requestedSub-total

INGV

€ 106.339,38

€ 238.387,05

€ 344.726,43

CNIT

€ 96.500,00

€ 196.457,91

€ 292.957,91

NOA

-

€ 16.731,86

€ 16.731,86

EO

-

€ 16.729,62

€ 16.729,62